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Student Research

Students interested in starting a research project, or continuing work on an existing project, please contact the Office of Undergraduate Research. Email:undergradresearch@bowiestate.edu

 
 
Jesuye David

Mentor: Dr. Soo-Yeon Ji

"Studying Smartphone Virus Behaviour and Developing Virus Detection Algorithms"

ABSTRACT

The Infection of smartphone mobile devices by malware is not new and as the ease to create these malware becomes increasingly trivial, dangerous viruses are more readily available. Perhaps the more disturbing news is that top profile antivirus software like VPN, 360 Security and AndroHelm are not very effective in curbing the virus development. Many researchers have tried to utilize the dynamic and static detection mechanisms in the war against the spread of viruses (many have made interesting strides) but none has developed a long lasting solution.

 

Our systematic approach includes infiltrating uninfected android apps (.apk) with high profile android malware  and observing the effects of these viruses on major system features. These features include:

  • hardware (battery, I/O, and device)
  • communication (phone calls, messaging, and networking access)
  • sensor (accelerometers, GPS) e.t.c.

(Note: Jesuye David presented his research at the annual "Posters on the Hill" conference, in Washington, DC in April 2017. He was listed as the only student to present at this conference from the state of Maryland. Sixty students throughout the nation are chosen each year to present at this prestigious conference)

 

 

Alusine Bangura

Mentors: Dr. George Ude and Dr. Aditi Das

“DNA Barcodes of the Fish Species of South Eastern Nigeria for Dry Fish Import Protection in the United States”

ABSTRACT

The increasing population of West African immigrants in the United States is causing a surge in the demand and importation of dried fish from Africa. Moreover, the imported dried fish products sometimes are a mixture of improperly identified fish types which raises concern about food safety and import sustainability. Our project aims to study the indigenous species of fish in South Eastern Nigeria with the goal to identify unique DNA sequence markers or single nucleotide polymorphisms that accurately identify and classify the species.  A short 600-700 base-pair DNA fragment from the cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) gene in the mitochondria was amplified by PCR in all 92 fish samples collected from three separate water bodies in Nigeria:  Nike Lake, Ugwuomu Lake, and Ezu River. The PCR amplicons were then sent to Genewiz LLC for sequencing, and the resulting sequences were analyzed using the DNA Subway. DNA Subway, is an intuitive interface for genome informatics developed by the iPlant Collaborative. Only thirty-five fish samples (38%) yielded good and reliable sequences.   Clustering analysis using the neighbor joining and the maximum likelihood methods showed five distinct clusters in the phylogenetic trees indicating abundant genetic diversity within the South Eastern Nigeria fishes. Catfish cluster (group C) represented by two main species – Clarias gariepinus and Clarias gabonensis were dominant in Enugu State, Nigeria. Groups A, B, D and E clustered around Synodontis obesus, Clarotes laticeps, Hepsetus odoe, and Hemichromis fasciatus, respectively.  Group F showed a mixture of different species not identified properly because of poor sequence quality. SNP’s were identified that separated between the various fish groups in the dendrogram. Overall, this project has generated species specific DNA barcodes for the purpose of authenticating and tracking dry fish types imported for consumption in the United States of America.

 

1Chrysten Brown, 1Myron Jackson, 2Cecille Aninweze, 2Obih Chosen, 2,3Michael Okoro, 1Christabel Ene, 1Venatus Chieze 4David Igwe, 1George Acquaah, 2James Ogbonna, 3Dave Micklos, 1Aditi Das and 1George Ude

1Natural Science Department, Bowie State University, USA

2Godfrey Okoye University, Enugu, Nigeria

3DNA Learning Center, Cold Spring Harbor, NYC, USA

4International Institute for Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria

(Note: Alusine Bangura presented his research at the annual “National Conference on Undergraduate Research”, in Memphis, TN in March 2017. He was one of more than 4,000 students chosen to present, from universities in the United States, and internationally)